Thursday, April 25, 2019

Timing Events using Gowri Panchanga and Hora!

There are two main metrics of time normally employed in the Hindu calendar. These times are also used astrologically in order to take a call regarding making some important decisions. At times there can be a overlap of one over another and hence these times need to be used judicially before arriving at a decision of figuring out the right time. The two methods in vogue happen to be the 'Gowri Panchanga' and 'Hora'. The Gowri Panchanga is used mainly for muhurat purpose comprising of time slots generally of one and half hours each that indicates favorable and unfavorable time periods during different times of the day. The Hora on the other hand occurs usually at a one hour bracket frame which also indicates zones of time suitable or unsuitable for carrying out a particular task. Ideally combining the two is the best bet to ensure timing your slots accordingly. Explained below is an outline on the methodology of both Gowri Panchanga and Hora.

Gowri Panchanga:
In the traditional sense, Gowri Panchanga is used to check auspicious time to start a new activity and avoid inauspicious time. From a religious perspective it is mainly used to decipher the right time for the purpose of a Muhurat.

The computation of time slot works through the following premise. Each day of the week comprises of the time beginning from sunrise and ends during the next day sunrise when the next day commences. The day essentially has two halves viz sunrise time and the sunset time. Both the sunrise time as well as sunset times are further split into 8 equal parts and assigned to 8 planets - Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn and Rahu. The order of the sunrise period always begins from the order of the weekday and the sunset period begins from the 5th day of the weekday and follows the sequential order. For instance Sunrise period on a Sunday always starts from Sun followed by Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn and finally Rahu. The sunset time for Sunday however begins from Jupiter because it happens to be the lord of the 5th weekday from Sunday (Thursday is 5th day beginning from Sunday and it's ruler is Jupiter).

 However there is a twist to the tale and breaks tend to happen in the order largely because of Rahu. The Rahu period is always assigned a particular time slot for each day of the week on both sunrise and sunset and when that period arises, Rahu is always given precedence and the next planet succeeds the time period after Rahu and the similar weekday order follows. The parts assigned to Rahu for every day beginning from Sunday to Saturday during sunrise period happens to be 8th, 2nd, 7th, 5th, 6th, 4th and 3rd. During sunset period the parts assigned for every day beginning from Sunday to Saturday are 4th, 5th, 3rd, 8th, 2nd, 7th, 6th. It should however be noted that Rahu never rules the 1st part on any day whether it's a sunrise or sunset.

To understand the concept in a simple manner, let us see how to go about computing the time slots during sunrise period for a Wednesday and for sake of clarity let's say Sunrise starts at 6 AM and sunset begins at 6 PM. Since the day is Wednesday, first part is assigned to the lord of the weekday Wednesday which is Mercury. After that it will be lord of Thursday Jupiter followed by Friday lord Venus, Saturday Lord Saturn, Sunday Lord Sun, Monday Lord Moon and Tuesday Lord Mars. So we have the order of Mercury-Jupiter-Venus-Saturn-Sun-Moon-Mars. Now we have 7 planets but 8 parts need to be filled. On Wednesday during sunrise period Rahu occupies the 5th part. Hence order from Mercury-Jupiter-Venus-Saturn will remain the same and after this Rahu will come in 5th part pushing the Sun to 6th, Moon in to the 7th and Mars will finally own the 8th spot.

As per tradition, it is usually said that period assigned to Mars, Saturn and Rahu are not good. Rahu especially is considered highly inauspicious because the Rahu Kaalam time is said to be associated with ultra violet rays falling on the earth that are not visible to the naked eyes. It is specifically noted that ultra violet particles fall on those portions of time assigned to Rahu on every day of the week during both sunrise and sunset and that could also be one of the main reasons that the time order of planets get impacted in order to factor this phenomenon. The period of time ruled by Sun is considered good on certain occasions and the best of the lot are reserved for Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus. In the Tamil calendar, you would usually associate meanings associated to each of the planets as seen below:
Sun - Uthi (Plan)
Moon - Amirtha (Sweet)
Mars - Rogam (Evil)
Mercury - Laabam (Gain)
Jupiter - Dhanam (Wealth)
Venus - Sugam (Comfort)
Saturn - Soram (Bad)
Rahu - Visham (Poison)

These results should not be however taken verbatim as on occasions the so called periods of planets ruled by malefics also can be considered based on the situation prevailing and also based on the position of planets in one's individual horoscope. For instance an event relating to a competition, Mars time period can also surely be zeroed in as it is known to be a competitive planet and at the same time if in a horoscope Saturn happens to be a favorable lord it can also be factored in for events where discipline and hard work is a prerequisite.

Hora happens to be a unit of time comprising usually one hour time frame which is suitable for performing specific actions. It also describes the state of mind of a person depending on the hora that is operating.

Hora is computed based on the distance of planets or in essence the order of decreasing speed of planets with respect to the earth. Saturn being the farthest comes first in the order followed by Jupiter, next Mars, then Sun followed by Venus, Mercury and finally the Moon. This is looking at it from a geo centric view. Even considering the Helio-centric position, the distance of planets furthest from the Sun works out as Saturn-Jupiter-Mars-Earth-Venus-Mercury-Moon. Since Earth is where we live and not taken as a planet we replace the Earth with the Sun to derive the order. The sequence of this order always begins with the planet owning the weekday. The hora running order always starts from the beginning of sunrise and runs till the beginning of the next day sunrise with sunset not coming into play with regard to the calculations. Also the nodes Rahu or Ketu are not considered in the equation on being shadow planets derived in essence from the earth and moon.

For instance in order to derive the hora order for a Sunday, the first planet in the sequence is always the Sun since it rules the weekday of Sunday followed by Venus, Mercury, Moon, Saturn, Jupiter and Mars. It again begins with Sun and the order keeps getting repeated. The first hour of the day will always by default arrive to be the planet ruling the weekday and that's how it always works. In the same example of Sunday beginning with the Sun, you would figure that the 24th and last hour happens to always be Mercury passing on the baton to Moon to start the first hour of Monday which happens to be the weekday lord. Likewise the 24th hour on Monday ends with Jupiter meaning the next planet to start the weekday of Tuesday happens to be Mars which also lords the weekday. This sequence works in the same orderly manner for every single weekday.

From a traditional angle, it is generally believed that the Hora time of benefic planets are proved to be favorable and malefic planets time period in general is said to be avoided. They are also said to work based on the natural significations which the planets connote. Choosing Sun Hora is said to be good for dealing with Government, royal and political honours etc, Venus Hora for those denoting to marriage, fine arts, pleasure. Mercury deals with intelligence, learning et al, Moon for music, travel, good deeds, Saturn for labour, profession etc, Jupiter for in general well being and Mars for properties, competition and the like. Thus it is seen that Hora gives results largely from the default signifiers. However one can also time Hora to its advantage by looking at the placement of planets in one's natal horoscope.

Given below is a brief nutshell of both Gowri Panchanga and Hora:

Gowri Panchanga:
- Time Period: Generally 1 and half hours duration allotted per planet
- Sunrise/Sunset: A day comprises of two parts with first part beginning from Sunrise to Sunset and 2nd part operating from Sunset to next day Sunrise
- No. of Parts: Totally 16 parts divided into 2 parts of 8 each for Sunrise and Sunset
- No. of Planets: 8 planets including Rahu but no Ketu
- Sequence: Based on the order of the weekday factoring in by giving precedence to Rahu time period. For sunrise the order begins from the lord of the weekday and for sunset the order begins from the lord of the 5th weekday from the prevailing weekday

- Time Period: Generally 1 hour duration allotted per planet
- Sunrise/Sunset: A day begins from Sunrise and ends at commencement of  next day sunrise. Sunset time is not considered for Hora calculation.
- No. of Parts: Totally 24 parts with each Hora being approx an hour each
- No. of Planets: 7 planets with Rahu/Ketu not being considered
- Sequence: Based on the increasing distance of planets from Earth with the first hora always also being the lord of the weekday.

Sharing below a snapshot of the ruling period of Gowri Panchanga and Hora considering sunrise and sunset at 6AM and 6PM respectively. If the sunrise or sunset time happens to be earlier or later than clock time of 6, it needs to be adjusted accordingly. This roster will however give a summarized view of the sequence of planets as well as a rough estimate of the ruling planet in operation for Gowri Panchanga and Hora.

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Time Technique of Pancha Pakshi Shastra!

Pancha Pakshi is a technique used to ascertain a good time period for performing an activity. It is an ancient Tamil technique and said to be very powerful when used efficiently. The shastra of Pancha Pakshi deals with a number of things such as lucky directions, colours, name syllables etc but largely used for understanding favorable times for an individual to perform important tasks.

Pancha Pakshi makes use of 3 elements of the Panchang viz Vara, Nakshatra and Tithi. These three hold high prominence in the methodology of Pancha Pakshi Shastra. The concept on an overall framework works based on a bird assigned to each individual depending on the birth star one is born and this associated bird is supposed to give good and bad results on specific days (Vara) and Tithi based on whether the moon is operating in a waxing cycle or waning cycle.

There are 5 birds utilized in the Pancha Pakshi Shastra viz Vulture, Owl, Crow, Cock and Peacock. All these birds engage in different activities such as Rule, Walk, Eat, Sleep and Die. The birds are said to be most active in ruling state and most weakest in their dying state. Each day and night of 12 hours each (30 Nazhika) are divided into five equal portions called Yaama of 2 hours and 24 minutes each (6 Nazhika) and allotted to different activities of the birds. Please remember day time begins from sunrise to sunset and night time begins from sunset to next day sunrise. If the distance between sunrise to sunset or sunset to next day sunrise happens to be a little over or less than 12  hours, that needs to be factored as well to ensure that both day and night portion are equally split into 5 portions and allotted to all the 5 birds.

In order to first know the bird which we are ruled by, we need to know our birth nakshatra constellation. Each bird is mapped to a nakshatra. On top of this there is a debate whether the Tithi also comes into play depending on whether the moon is in waxing or waning phase as the role gets reversed here. There is a relation that the bird which is assigned relates to the 5 elements (Tatwa) and since each nakshatra is linked to an element, the tithi may not really have a bearing. You can refer to the table below comprising of the stars and the bird associated. However I suggest to take only based on Nakshatra and not the Tithi. Basically you can check your star and see which column it is falling under 'Bird in Waxing Phase' and ignore the column 'Bird in Waning Phase'. For eg. if one is born in Punarvasu star he is an Owl or if someone is born in Revathi star he happens to be a Peacock irrespective of whether Moon is in waxing or waning phase.
Once we know the bird that has been attributed to us, next is to check the timings in which the bird happens to be most powerful for us to utilize it in best manner possible. Each of the birds rule a particular day and night depending on waxing and waning cycles of the moon and also happen to be in a dying state based on an entire day from sunrise to next day sunrise also with respect to the waxing and waning cycles of the moon. For instance Vulture rules Day time during waxing phase on a Tuesday whereas it rules night time on a Friday in the waxing phase. Likewise you can figure out that Owl is in a death state during the whole of Monday in the waning phase. The table below lists the days of the week along with the ruling period as well as dying period for each of the birds both in waxing as well as waning state.
As indicated earlier, each bird performs an activity for 2 hours and 24 minutes (1 Yama or 6 Nazhikas) and has 5 activities to perform which totals 12 hours during day time and 12 hours during night time. Let us say, the day is a Sunday day time and moon is in the waxing state. The ruling bird for the day time on Sunday during the waxing phase happens to be Vulture. Now within this day time of 12 hours, each bird will perform different activities for 144 minutes or 2 hours and 24 minutes. For eg if the sunrise starts at 6AM on Sunday, Vulture will be in eating state from 6.00 AM to 8:24 AM, walking state from 8.24 AM to 10.48 AM, ruling state from 10.48 AM to 13:12 PM, sleeping state from 13:12 PM to 15:36 PM and in dying state from 15:36 PM to 18:00 PM. Every other bird will also be engaged in different activities for 144 minutes within the same time frame. Also within this time frame of 144 minutes or 2 hrs 24 minutes there are sub periods of activities taking place of sub birds within the main bird. To explain, we know that the Vulture is in eating state from 6.00 AM to 8:24 AM in a day time on Sunday during the waxing phase. Within this 144 minutes there are sub activities of all the 5 birds split up starting from the main bird such as to say Vulture eats from 6.00 AM to 6:36 AM, Owl walks from 6:36 AM to 7:06 AM, Crow rules from 7:06 AM to 7:54 AM, Cock sleeps from 7:54 AM to 8:12 AM and Peacock dies from 8:12 AM to 8:24 AM. These sub periods are made to ascertain the relationship of the main bird with other birds and to divide time at a deeper intricate level. The table below explains the split of the sub bird activities which are broken into different time periods or Nazhikas.
The above table is for ascertaining the bird and the initial activity with the subsequent activities following in likewise order. The activities follow the order accordingly but the sequence of order of birds is different and goes as below;

Also, the relationship between birds are as below:
Vulture: Friends - Peacock & Owl, Enemies - Crow & Cock
Owl: Friends - Vulture & Crow, Enemies - Cock & Peacock
Crow: Friends - Owl & Cock, Enemies - Peacock & Vulture
Cock: Friends - Crow & Peacock, Enemies - Vulture & Owl
Peacock: Friends - Cock & Vulture, Enemies - Owl & Crow

Vulture: Friends - Crow & Peacock, Enemies - Owl & Cock
Owl: Friends - Crow & Cock, Enemies - Vulture & Peacock
Crow: Friends - Vulture & Owl, Enemies - Cock & Peacock
Cock: Friends - Crow & Peacock, Enemies - Vulture & Owl
Peacock: Friends - Cock & Vulture, Enemies - Owl & Crow

Illustration: Let's say an individual is born on Thursday in the Nakshatra constellation of Swati during the Waning Phase. First up since he is born in Swati, the bird assigned will be Crow. Let's line up by looking at the activities influencing the crow taking the same day Thursday as example. First up we need to check the ruling and dying birds for the whole day of Thursday in the waning phase. We find that ruling bird for day time is Owl, ruling bird for night time is Vulture and the bird that is in death state for entire Thursday happens to be Cock. Since the person comes under Crow bird, we will be concerned about the activities and sub activities only of the Crow. Taking the day time of Thursday, the first 144 minutes of the Crow will be to rule (Check table above Day Time Waning activity next to Crow and go sequentially from there), next 144 minutes Crow will be walking, after that for 144 minutes it will be eating, then in dying state for 144 minutes and finally in sleeping state for 144 minutes. This completes the cycle of 12 hours of day time on Thursday in the waning phase of the moon. Let us see the next level of sub activities within the time zone of 144 minutes. Taking 6.00 AM to 8.24 AM as example, during this time the Crow will be ruling. Breaking up the 144 minutes into fragments, the crow will be ruling for 18 minutes from 6.00 AM to 6.18 AM, then peacock will be walking for 36 minutes from 6.18 AM to 6.54 AM, after that Owl will be Eating for 48 minutes from 6.54 AM to 7:42 AM followed by Cock dyeing for 30 minutes from 7:42 AM to 8:12 AM and finally Vulture is in sleeping state from 8:12 AM to 8:24 AM.

As you can see the whole computation appears a bit complicated. It gets very dicey especially when breaking the puzzle into minute fragments of time intervals and establishing the relation of the sub bird with the main bird. It is definitely a difficult procedure to lay down times for each and every sub atomic level of time. It's surely not helpful for repetitive mundane tasks as getting a hands on of the computation itself will end up taking a long period of time but on an overall framework it can be pretty useful especially when you know the day and night time ruled by your bird and also the deathly state it gets into on specific days. This can help you take well calculated decisions on days favorable to you.

Note: On researching about this topic, I did find some discrepancies in the explanation of some of the definitions. For instance one school of thought does not believe in considering waxing and waning phase when ascertaining the pakshi whereas the other school believes that the bird changes based on whether one is born in Waxing or waning phase. There were also some confusion on whether Shravana star should belong to Cock or Peacock. I went with the latter which appears to be the more popular choice. Also with regard to sub time periods as well as order of birds ruling night time during waning phase there appears to be some issues because it appears misleading that a bird can be both in ruling state at night time and also deathly state during a particular weekday. These prevailing issues cause some unnecessary distortions for which nobody seems to know what the real truth is. For some of the cases where there seemed to be diverse beliefs, I largely went with the opinion of Nadi astrologer S Ravi. With regards to a book on Pancha Pakshi Shastra, one can check out 'Biorhythms of Natal Moon' by US Pulipani which explains different facets of this technique.

Thursday, April 18, 2019

The phenomenon of Janma Nakshatra coinciding with English Birthday once every 19 years!

In the South of India and also in countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore, the Janma Nakshatra of Moon is given high prominence. It is a tradition to tell the constellation of Moon star and offer prayers to God for one's well being. Birthdays are mostly celebrated on the birth star rising during the respective solar month in which one is born.

It is generally witnessed that every 19th year in one's life the Nakshatra at birth and the English Birthday date seems to coincide and is known to be pretty auspicious. There is however a mathematical computation as well as a reasoning based on why such a phenomenon usually occurs.

One needs to know a couple of basics before going into the specifics. First up is about the Sun which takes 365.25 days to cover it's full round of the 360 degree zodiac in order to return back to its natal solar position. A calendar year however consists of 365 days and every 4th year happens to be a leap year consisting of 366 days. The reason for the leap year is because the earth's orbit around the sun takes 365.25 days approx and to factor that 0.25 days, an extra day is added once every 4 years.

Now coming to the moon, it takes approx 27.32 days to cover all the 27 Nakshatras or in essence you could say the 360 degrees of the zodiac. A nakshatra covers a distance of 13 degrees 20 minutes of the 360 degree band zodiac belt making the total nakshatra count as 27 (360 degrees divided by 13 degrees 20 minutes). The average daily motion of the moon is 13 degrees 10 minutes and 36 seconds. Converting this in zodiac space minutes, it traverses 790.60 minutes (13*60+10+36/60) in a day and the total nakshatra span happens to be 800 minutes (13*60+20). Hence a Nakshatra remains in the sky for a little over a days time or you can say 24 hours 17 mins and 7 seconds to be more precise (Please note this is also approximate as its based on mean daily motion). In effect to cover all the 27 nakshatras it takes roughly 27.32 days (648 hours [27 nakshatras*24 hours], 459 minutes [27 nakshatras*7 minutes] and 189 seconds [27 nakshatras*7 seconds]).

Thus within a calendar year of 365 days moon makes 13 full rounds which will be 27.32*13=355.16 days which we shall approx it to 355 days. Thus in a way we can say that a solar year is 365 days and lunar year is 355 days. On the date of our birth or 0th year, the constellation which is rising in the skies happens to be our Janma Nakshatra. We celebrate our 1st birthday after the completion of 365 days but the moon completes its round in 355 days and we see a gap of 10 days between our English Birthday and our star birthday. In the 2nd year the gap becomes 20 days, 3rd year it becomes 30 days but within that span of 30 days, the Nakshatra completes a set in 27.32 days making the reminder as 3. In the 4th year you see 40 days difference and reminder is 13 and for 5th year reminder will be 23. In the 6th year when the difference heads to 60 days (365*6 less 355*6), moon will complete 2 rounds of 27.32 days which is roughly 55 days and still you would see a reminder of 5 days.This keeps happening until the 19th year when the difference becomes 190 days (365*19 less 355*19). When you divide this figure by 27.32, the reminder becomes 0 with the point difference being very minimal. (190÷27.32 equals approx 7 with fraction reminder). Hence most likely only once in every 19 years, your original birth Nakshatra ends up arriving on the date of your birthday.

Additionally, it is often seen that the first star birthday is celebrated in a prominent way with the event being termed 'Ayush Homam'. This day will always end up being either 10 days before the actual English Birthday or 17 days after the English Birthday. As you would have guessed 10+17=27 which is the number of days for one nakshatra cycle to get covered. The reason it occurs on either 10 days before or 17 days after is because it also has to coincide with the solar month in which one has taken birth.

Note : It should be noted that every once in 3 years an extra month called Adhik maasa (365 solar year less 355 day lunar year = 10 days a year*3 years = 30 days or 1 month) is added as a technical correction in order to bridge the difference and synchronize the lunar and solar calendar. The Nakshatras however go on in its own cyclical path following the same sequential order.

Monday, April 15, 2019

The Date of celebrating New Year in different South Indian States!

Have you ever wondered why different states in the South of India celebrate new year on different days? There is an astrological as well as a traditional mindset associated mostly with respect to the sunrise/sunset of the day. In all the Indian festivals the sidereal year is adopted but the basis may either be the solar calendar or lunar calendar. Let's take a look at the dates in which new year is being celebrated in these Southern states.

Telugu and Karnataka New Year (Ugadi/Yugadi):
This is based on the lunar calendar which involves the relationship of both Sun and Moon. Ugadi occurs once the moon passes the Sun placed in Pisces (Meena) Rasi signifying the beginning of a new lunar month Chaitra. In other words we can also say the 1st tithi which gets formed viz Pratipada (first day of the bright fortnight of a new Hindu month) that occurs after Ammavasya. In the year 2019, Pratipada Tithi occured in the afternoon of the 5th of April but since sunrise needs to be prevailing only the next day 6th of April was considered for celebration of the new year. However if Pratipada Tithi prevails on 2 days of sunrise, the first day is considered. One thing to note with regard to Ugadi is it can take place any day from the mid of March to the mid of April.

Tamil New Year (Puthandu or Varsha Pirappu):
This is based on the solar calendar and involves the presence of Sun exclusively. The moon's position does not have a bearing in the scheme of things. It takes place with the Sun's ingress in to the sign of Aries (Mesha) signifying the beginning of the first day of the tamil month of Chithirai. It is also termed as Mesha Sankranthi. Astrologically it can also be said that Sun's entry point into the first constellation of Ashwini marks the start of a new year. It is also said to be the first day of Thai indicating the marking of harvest season. In Tamil Nadu, if the event occurs before Sunset it is considered as occurring on the same day however if it happens after Sunset hours (roughly on the mark of 6pm and above), then it is only celebrated on the next day. Varsha Pirappu always takes place in and around the mid of April depending on the Panchang being employed.

Kerala New Year (Vishu):
This follows the same logic as the Tamil New year and occurs with the sun's entry into the zodiac sign of Mesha (Aries). However the only difference being the day of sunrise needs to be prevalent and hence it occurs a day later than the Tamil New Year. This year it took place on the 15th of Apr 2019 and the reason for that is as per Kerala Panchangam, Sun entered Aries in the afternoon of 14th April 2019. During sun rise time on the 14th Apr 2019 it was still in Pisces and so the first day of sunrise after Sun's entry into Aries marks the celebration of Vishu.

Hence to summarize the above information briefly;
Telugu/Karnataka New Year:
Calendar - Lunar Calendar
Month - Chaitra (start of Pratipada Tithi - first day of Shukla Paksha)
Sunrise/Sunset - Sunrise needs to be prevalent on day of Tithi formation, if not considered next day.

Tamil New Year:
Calendar - Solar Calendar
Month - Chithirai (entry point of Sun in Mesha - Aries)
Sunrise/Sunset - At least sunset needs to be present on the day of Sun entering Mesha, if not considered in the next day.

Kerala New Year:
Calendar - Solar Calendar
Month - Chitra (entry point of Sun in Mesha - Aries)
Sunrise/Sunset - Sunrise needs to be prevalent on the day of Sun entering Mesha, if not considered in the next day.

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Nalam Vaazha - Mellow & Mellifluous!

There are compositions which happen to be mellifluously mellow that caress and comfort the soul. Nalam Vaazha definitely goes into that bracket. The way it slithers through you with unbridled with sweetness in abundance.

The underlying tone of this majestic melody is the fact that it touches virtually every single note and those slides which canoodle the chromatics is something worth rejoicing. It touches a chord and hits you straight in the heart.

This is generally viewed as a birthday song dedicated to celebrate an event. I choose this to usher in the sun's entry into Aries (Chithirai) signifying the beginning of a new year as per the Hindu calendar.

It was an indeed quite an exercise to play few titbits from this vintage musical construction of the 90's. Wishing the sun a very auspicious solar return as it ingresses onto Mesha rasi which in essence auspices the entry point of the zodiac.

Sunday, April 7, 2019

Joyous Jotheyali!

Some compositions are simply sheer joy and Jotheyali fondly falls into that exquisite category. It just caresses off in blitzkrieg fashion right from start to finish. The turbo galloping pace does not hinder it from being lardy-dardy which it so crystal clearly is.

Though this song has a version in every regional linguistic, it's the original Kannada version that takes the cake. The lyrics meld so well with the tune and the synchronization is magical. This one's an evergreen timeless classic and makes me reminisce the good ol' Bangalore days when invariably every bus used to hoot this in full blast.

And from a technical perspective, the pallavi largely employs a hitherto unknown janya raga called 'Katyayani’ which is a derivative of Natabhairavi. You would also notice an eerie resemblance to 'Shivaranjani' with just the Dhaivatam being different. However as it takes off, lustre is added in the form of plenty of alien notes which is a signature of IR.

Do also observe the rivetting trills (rapid alternation between adjacent notes) at ’Ooooo Endha Mathadidhe' and charismatic chromatics (three or more consecutive notes played back or forth) gliding along nonchalantly. All in all makes for a thrilling glissading adventure.

I just tried a wild shot at a couple of portions of this song. These are numbers totally beyond my reach but ultimately it's just the bliss of having attempted it. As the saying goes it's 'Nothing but joy' at the end of the day.

Note: From an astrology point of view, if one is interested to know what planetary positions help in playing the veena, I would say Jupiter and Saturn are most important. The reason is because you make you use of the index finger and middle finger a lot to play the instrument. The mount ruling the index finger happens to be Jupiter and the mount ruling the middle finger happens to be Saturn. Ideally both these planets need to connected with the 3rd house which is known for skills, activities performed by the hand. In my own case both Jupiter and Saturn happen to have aspect on my 3rd house of Leo. Strength depends on where these 2 planets are placed and how they are influencing your 3rd house and also not to forget the zodiac sign in which your 3rd house is falling into. 

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Joyous Jotheyali! Some compositions are simply sheer joy and Jotheyali fondly falls into that exquisite category. It just caresses off in blitzkrieg fashion right from start to finish. The turbo galloping pace does not hinder it from being lardy-dardy which it so crystal clearly is. Though this song has a version in every regional linguistic, it's the original Kannada version that takes the cake. The lyrics meld so well with the tune and the synchronization is magical. This one's an evergreen timeless classic and makes me reminisce the good ol' Bangalore days when invariably every bus used to hoot this in full blast. And from a technical perspective, the pallavi largely employs a hitherto unknown janya raga called 'Katyayani’ which is a derivative of Natabhairavi. You would also notice an eerie resemblance to 'Shivaranjani' with just the Dhaivatam being different. However as it takes off, lustre is added in the form of plenty of alien notes which is a signature of IR. Do also observe the rivetting trills (rapid alternation between adjacent notes) at ’Ooooo Endha Mathadidhe' and charismatic chromatics (three or more consecutive notes played back or forth) gliding along nonchalantly. All in all makes for a thrilling glissading adventure. I just tried a wild shot at a couple of portions of this song. These are numbers totally beyond my reach but ultimately it's just the bliss of having attempted it. As the saying goes it's 'Nothing but joy' at the end of the day. #jotheyali #kannada #tamil #hindi #geetha #shankarnag #IR #SPB #music #ugadi #bangalore #1981
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Saturday, March 30, 2019

Yogi and Avayogi

The 'Yoga' happens to be one of the pillars of the Panchang and is used mainly to see the prosperity of a native. It is derived based on the addition of the degrees of the Sun and the Moon. There are a total of 27 Yogas with each spanning 13 degrees 20 minutes (360 degrees of zodiac divided by 13°20'). Yoga is known to rule the ether element of the Panchang.

In essence, there are a total of 27 yogas split into 3 parts of 9 each which are ruled by a particular planet. It is computed based on the total longitude of the Sun and Moon with reference point as 360 which happens to be the total degrees of the zodiac. If the addition of Sun's degree and Moon's degree go beyond 360, then the extra portion above 360 needs to be considered. Each of the Yogas are ruled by a particular star and yogi planet ruler and to oppose the yogi there is an Avayogi which is also ruled by a particular star and contains an avayogi planet ruler.

Coming to the concepts, what one needs to understand is that the Yogi ruling planet is said to promote prosperity and the Avayogi ruling planet is supposed to be an obstruction to the prosperity. There is also something called as 'Sahayogi' or Duplicate Yogi which is nothing but the ruler of the rasi in which the Yogi planet is placed. For eg, let's say your Yogi planet is Saturn and it is placed in Taurus. In this case Venus happens to be the Duplicate Yogi since he rules Taurus that happens to be the dispositor of the Yogi planet Saturn. In a nutshell;
Yogi = Planet promoting prosperity
Avayogi = Planet obstructing prosperity
Sahayogi = Planet for helping Yogi to achieve prosperity and lowering obstruction

The pattern is similar to that of the Vimshottari Dasa Nakshatra sequence of planets. Each of the Yogas are ruled by a star with the lord of the star being the same as per the Nakshatra sequence. The Avayogi star happens to be bang opposite to where the Yogi star is seated in the 7th sign and to be more precise it will always be the 15th star from the yogi star. For instance if one is born in 'Shobhana' yoga ruled by Uttara Phalguni star and yogi ruler Sun, the avayogi will be Uttara Bhadrapada star and avayogi ruler is Saturn. The Avayogi ruling planet will always be 6th (1+5=6) from the yogi ruling planet. Taking the same eg, Saturn will be 6th from the Sun in terms of Vimshottari Dasa progression (Sun-Moon-Mars-Rahu-Jupiter-Saturn).

Yoga Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon.
If total less than 360°, Yogi Degree is the cumulative total
If total more than 360°, Yogi degree is the derived total exceeding 360° less 360°

Yogi Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon plus another 93°20'.
If total less than 360°, Yogi Degree is the cumulative total
If total more than 360°, Yogi degree is the derived total exceeding 360° less 360°

Avayogi Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon plus another 280°. (93°20'+186°40')
If total less than 360°, Avayogi Degree is the cumulative total
If total more than 360°, Avayogi degree is the derived total exceeding 360° less 360°
Native's Sun is in Taurus at 27 degrees and Moon in Gemini at 12 degrees. Total degrees of Sun as per 360 degree zodiac is 57 (30*1 sign Aries + 27 degrees in Taurus) and degrees of Moon is 72 (30*2 signs from Aries to Taurus plus 12 degrees in Gemini).

Yoga Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon: 57°+72°=129°
Total is less than 360 degrees, hence Yoga Degree is 129 which will give rise to Ganda Yoga ruled by Saturn.

Yogi Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon plus another 93°20' = 57°+72°+93°20' = 222°20'
Total is less than 360°, hence Yogi Degree is 222°20' which will be Anuradha star ruled by Saturn

Avayogi Degree:
Add the total longitude of the Sun and Moon plus another 280° = 57°+72°+280° = 409°
Total is more than 360°, hence Yogi Degree is 409° less 360°=49° which will be Rohini star ruled by Moon.

Key Note: It is to be noted that the yoga degree alone does not follow the standard Nakshatra order and in fact follows the order assigned to the yogas which begins from Saturn and ends with Jupiter. It can be easily figured out from the example above where the Yoga point falls at 129° which as per the natural zodiac will fall in Leo (Simha) and Magha Nakshatra ruled by Ketu Nakshatra but the Yoga ruler here happens to be Saturn. Thus, if you need to know the ruling planet of the Yoga, you just need to deduct 26°40' (Nakshatra span of 2 constellations) from the total longitude of the Sun and Moon which will be 103°20 falling in Cancer (Kataka) and Pushya Nakshatra ruled by Saturn. It is simply for this reason that we add 93°20' (Nakshatra span of 7 constellations) to the total longitude of the Sun and Moon to find the Yogi point and another further 186°40' (Nakshatra span of 14 constellations) to obtain the Avayogi point. Hence to summarise below:

Yoga Planet:
Yoga Degree obtained less 26°40' = 129°- 26°40' = 103°20 which will fall in Pushya ruled by Saturn (OR) subtract 3 (2+1) constellations from Yoga point star Ketu which will be Ketu - Mercury - Saturn.

Yogi Nakshatra and Yogi Planet:
Yoga Degree obtained plus 93°20' = 129° + 93°20' = 222°20' which will fall in Anuradha ruled by Saturn (OR) add 8 (7+1) constellations from Yoga point star Ketu which will be Ketu - Venus - Sun - Moon - Mars - Rahu - Jupiter - Saturn

Avayogi Nakshatra and Avayogi Planet:
Yoga Degree plus 93°20' plus 186°40' or simply Yogi Degree point plus 186°40' = 222°20' + 186°40' = 409° = 49° (409°-360°) which will fall in Rohini star ruled by Moon. You can also simply add 15 constellations from the Yogi Nakshatra Anuradha which will be end up being Rohini or add 6 planets from Yogi planet as per Nakshtara sequence to arrive at Avayogi planet. In this case 6 planets from Saturn happens to be Saturn - Mercury - Ketu - Venus - Sun - Moon.

This is in fact an area open to plenty of interpretations and the results need to be put forth after considering many factors judiciously. In essence, the yogi nakshatra and more importantly the Yogi ruler is said to be favourable in promoting prosperity. It would be even better if the Yogi planet also happens to be a natural benefic or functional benefic in the chart as it will only enhance the good proceedings. If yogi planet happens to be a natural malefic or functional malefic, it needs to be treaded with care. One can still expect it to be beneficial in a certain way with regard to prosperity on account of it being a yogi but however cannot over rule the natural presence of it in a horoscope. Likewise Avayogi planetary ruler if sitting in a negative house or lets say in a Daghda rasi can be better than sitting in a favourable house as it can hamper proceedings. These results need to be looked at only from a holistic view after taking into account the various permutations and combinations.

Sunday, March 24, 2019

Daghda Rasi or Tithi Shoonya

'Tithi' constitutes an important element of the Panchang and is calculated based on the angular distance in which the moon moves away from the Sun and every 12 degrees of movement marks a Tithi. There are a total of 30 tithis (360 degrees of zodiac divided by 12). The Tithis are split up into 2 parts of 15 each based on the brighter half (Sukla - Waxing) and darker half (Krishna - Waning) of the moon.

Let's assume the Sun and Moon are both at 0 degree point which is effectively the New Moon when the Moon's light is completely cudgeled by the Sun making the moon appear very small. From here on in, the moon being the faster planet slowly starts glowing brighter and reaches its peak point when it moves 180 degrees from the sun which is effectively the Full Moon. This movement of the moon from 0 to 180 degrees away from the Sun is known as the waxing phase. The moon now slowly starts fading away its light as it again goes back to meet the Sun. The light of the Moon starts diminishing and is completely blanked out when it reaches 360 degrees or in essence when it meets the Sun again at the 0 degree point. This movement of the moon from 180 to 360 degrees (Or back to 0 degree) away from the Sun is known as the waning phase.

The concept of Tithi Shoonya or Daghda Rasi deals with certain rasis getting affected when an individual is born under a certain tithi. The rasis are said to be cursed or burnt and are said to be inauspicious for the native. Off the 15 tithis irrespective of whether it is under waxing or waning phase, 2 rasis in each tithi come within the ambit of affected rasis. For the 14th Rasi namely Chaturdashi Tithi, 4 of the rasis are said to be burnt and for Ammavasya/Purnima the burnt rasis are excluded from the list. You need to know the running 'tithi' at the time of your birth and check those rasis which are impacted. Sharing below the roster of burnt rasis for those born in specific Tithis.
1) All Rasis affected:
Not a single rasi is spared. All the rasi's come under the scanner of burnt rasis depending on the tithi one is born in right from Mesha to Meena with all the dual signs - Mithuna, Kanya, Dhanus and Meena being impacted the most facing the brunt each in 3 of the 14 tithis being affected.

2) Rasi Ratio
From the above list, you would find that the Daghda Rasis are mostly 4-10 from each other. There are also cases of 6-8 and 5-9. Chaturdashi Tithi has a 1-4-7-10 ratio with all the dual signs getting affected and it is blank for Amma Vasya/Purnima. For instance those born in Pratipada Tithi (Pratamai), Thula and Makara happen to be the affected rasis. From Thula, Makara happens to be the 4th rasi and from Makara, Thula happens to be the 10th rasi. Knowing the ratio of rasis especially helps in remembering the Daghda rasis easily.

3) Similar patterns of Rasis
Also you will figure out that different combinations of tithis have similar burnt rasis
1st and 12th Tithi - Thula & Makara
2nd and 11th Tithi - Dhanus & Meena
5th and 8th Tithi - Mithuna & Kanya
9th and 10th Tithi - Simha & Vrischika

- General Rasi Results:
It is generally preferred if the Daghda Rasis end up falling in the 6th, 8th or 12th houses from Lagna/Ascendant since these houses in general are said to confer negative results. If the Daghda rasis fall in these places it is said to be better than opposed to the kendra or kona houses where you expect beneficial results.

- General Planetary Results:
Natural malefics are best suited to be in Daghda rasis whereas natural benefics aren't supposed to be well represented in these burnt rasis.
Sun - Known for it's fiery nature and when placed in Shoonya rasi it is expected to act favourably.
Moon - Moon is considered both as a natural benefic as well as a natural malefic based on it's waxing or waning state. Whatever be the case, in general being a feminine and soft planet it is unfavourable if Moon gets placed in a shoonya rasi.
Mars - Similar to Sun it is known for it's fiery side and hence deals well with the burnt rasis.
Mercury - Similar to Moon it can be both a natural benefic or malefic based on it's association. It is a planet known for mental processing and intellect and when placed in a shoonya rasi it isn't supposed to be of much use.
Jupiter - A natural benefic known for imparting wisdom and when placed in Daghda rasis isn't expected to shower good results.
Venus - A natural benefic like Jupiter known for luxuries and pleasures. Its signification's tend to get affected when placed in burnt rasis.
Saturn - Karmic driven and known for its malefic nature. Hence its well suited in Daghda rasis.
Rahu - A natural malefic and known to be desire oriented. It is supposed to do very well in Daghda rasis.
Ketu - Also a node like Rahu but a little detached by nature. It gives good results in Daghda rasis though at a lesser proportion than it's counter head Rahu.

Key Note: The above results are based on normal motion for the 7 main planets and reverse motion for the nodes Rahu and Ketu. If there is a role reversal with regard to the 5 planets - Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn and they happen to be retro grade, the results change completely. For eg Jupiter retrograde acts against its usual nature and said to be very good in Daghda rasis. Sun and Moon are always in forward motion and the interpretations don't change with respect to them.

- Functional Results of Rasis and Planets:
For any ascendant, it's the 3rd, 6th and 11th lords that are supposed to be most malefic and if they sit in Daghda rasis it will prove to be good. Eg for Thula Lagna, Jupiter happens to be highly malefic as he owns 3rd and 6th house and if it happens to be placed in a Shoonya Rasi, it can actually be a boon. In some ascendants, planets own both good and bad houses. In such a case, results need to be tweaked considering various factors in to account. For instance Virgo Lagna - Saturn owns both benefic 5th and malefic 6th house. However on account of being a natural malefic his presence in Daghda rasi will still be helpful but whereas if it is a naturally benefic planet owning good and bad houses, results can be otherwise.

This is a broad overview on Tithi Shoonya or Daghda Rasis. Results need to be factored judiciously and interpretation has to be arrived carefully after considering the nature of different rasis and planets. It is always a good pointer to check this concept additionally when viewing a horoscope as it gives important clues with regard to performance of specific houses.

Thursday, February 28, 2019

Inkum Kavale - The chivalrous Kaapi!

Call me late to the party but I got latched on to the song Inkum Kavale pretty behind time to the mix. The inherent Ilaiyaraaja vintage feel of yesteryear was what smeared me in and you get a zany yet vibrant feel that tailspins on you instantaneously. The number is sashayed with good ol aroma fueled degrees of filter coffee.

Kaapi ragam stands out for me because of the subtle up and down curves as well as the judicious use of alternate notes which usually tends to be the hallmark of most Raaja ish kaapi's. This one by the newcomer Gopi Sundar totally re kindled the good ol fashioned charry charm of Kaapi.

Juxtaposing across notes makes you fall flat unless you've got the grip sorted out through practice and my amateur attempt did see me stumbling a bit on those convoluted potholes. It was however more the joy of attempting this refreshing melody that mattered at the end of the day. Not sure how it came out but it has certainly made me admire and fall in love with this chivalrous coffee (kaapi) composition.

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Divisional Charts Ayanamsa Distance Factor - A Mathematical Mishmash!

The earlier article on Divisional Charts emphasizes on the fact that the role of time actually does not have such a big bearing when casting of varga charts as there is a sufficient time frame to play around with respect to planets actually changing signs within the zodiac. The biggest deterrent however with respect to Divisional Varga charts easily happens to be with respect to the Ayanamsa.

Ayanamsa is defined as the angular distance between vedic first point and vernal equinox. The sidereal ecliptic of a celestial body is less than the tropical ecliptic longitude. But there was a point in time when the sidereal zodiac and tropical zodiac coincided which is taken as the starting point. Different years are taken in contention viz Lahiri (285 AD), Krishnamurthy (291 AD), Raman (397 AD), Yuktheshwar (499 AD), Vakya Siddhantha (522 AD) etc. All of these happen to be roughly around 20 to 24 degrees away from the tropical zodiac. The sidereal zodiac value or the ayanamsa is deduced by deducting the relevant respective degrees from the tropical zodiac value to arrive at the ayanamsa.

In Vedic Astrology, the most popular ayanamsa in vogue happens to be the Lahiri Chitra Paksha Ayanamsa. KP astrology practitioners use an ayanamsa which is slightly off from Lahiri. Another ayanamsa endorsed by noted astrologer BV Raman happens to be the Raman Ayanamsa which is based on a computation by the great mathematician of yesteryear Bhaskara. In recent times, a new Ayanamsa has been supported by the inventor of the astrology software Jagannatha Hora based on Nakshatra Pushya being the Yoga Tara which is anchoring the zodiac and is termed as the Pushya Paksha Ayanamsa. This apart there are plenty of other Ayanamsas almost touching a half century in number.

Degree and Time Difference between Ayanamsas:
We will look at a comparison between the 4 ayanamsas listed above and see how much away they are from one another. The table listed below would tell how much is the difference in Degree Arc (Degrees-Minutes-Seconds) as well as difference in minutes duration between all these Ayanamsas.
For knowledge purposes, in order to know how these values are derived, I shall narrate it through a small illustration between Lahiri Chitra Paksha and Raman Ayanamsa.
Go to JHora astrology software and input date as Jan 1st 2019, time as 6:00 AM and place as Chennai. Select Lahiri as well as Raman Ayanamsa and note down the degrees of Lagna. Alternatively you can also scroll downwards on the natal chart details and witness a number value in Degrees-Minutes-Seconds known as Ayanamsa. The values obtained are as witnessed:

Lahiri Chitra Paksha:
Lagna : 8° 4' 51
Ayanamsa : 24° 6' 23

Lagna : 9° 30' 39
Ayanamsa : 22° 40' 35

Subtract the Lahiri Chitra Paksha Lagna from Raman Lagna or else reduce the Raman Ayanamsa value from Lahiri Chitra Paksha Ayanamsa value and in both cases you get 1° 25' 48. Same way one can compute difference in values between any two ayanamsas.

Impact in Divisional Charts:
Now, we will see the impact or rather distortions the ayanamsas create in the Divisional Varga charts.
Listed below is a table taking into account 5 types of horoscope charts viz Rasi (D1), Navamsa (D9), Dasamsa (D10), Shashtyamsa (D60) and Nadiamsa (D150). The degree arc span for each of these are given along with the time taken to traverse in duration of minutes. (Eg. 1 degree = 60 mins and hence a Navamsa part of 3° 20' will be 3*60+20 = 200). Also mentioned are the comparisons between various Ayanamsas by pointing out the time in minutes span of which they are off from each other and also the % of change of impact that would be seen in the respective divisional charts. For eg as reckoned above taking D9 as illustration, a Navamsa pada spans 200 minutes and the difference of minutes off between Lahiri and Raman is 86 minutes meaning there would be about 43% chance (86 divided by 200) of a planet shifting to the next sign as per Raman and about 57% chance (100%-43%) that they end up within the same sign.
Explanation and Observations:
1) Rasi Chart (D1):
Taking the Rasi chart into account with the assumption that a planet may have an equal likelihood of being located in any of the degrees between 0 to 30, we figure that there is very less difference between Lahiri and KP. In 99.7% of cases both will have the planets posited in the same sign. Only in case of a planet being in 29° 55' or more in a sign in Lahiri will it end up moving to a different sign as per KP system. However comparing Lahiri with Raman, we find that there is about a 5% chance of planets being in different signs. If a planet is in 28° 34' or more in a sign in Lahiri, then it will end up moving to the next sign in Raman. Anything lesser in degrees, they would be stationed in the same zodiac sign. On the whole however, we find that the Rasi chart isn't really sensitive to the impact of ayanamsa as it is observed that there is very minute chance of planets tumbling in to different zodiac signs.

2) Navamsa (D9) and Dasamsa (D10):
It however starts getting trickier when viewing important varga charts such as D9 and D10. Between Lahiri and KP, the difference is only 3% but when comparison is between Lahiri and Raman, there seems to be a probability of close to 50% chance that the planets would involve change of signs. For instance, any planet within the range of  6° 40' to 10° in Aries sign will fall in Gemini Navamsa. If the planet is 8° 34' or more in Aries as per Lahiri, then as per Raman it'll end up being beyond 10° and end up falling in Cancer Navamsa. Thus, there is not a lot to play with and plenty of chances arise that your planetary positions won't be the same when using different ayanamsas.

3) Shashtyamsa (D60) and Nadi Amsa (D150):
Things get far more murkier and out of hand when using intricate divisionals such as D60 or D150. Here by default, the planets will fall in different signs when you take Lahiri or KP and compare it with Raman or Pushya Paksha. The difference between Lahiri and Raman in D60 amounts to a whopping 287% meaning planets will end up being 3 signs away from one other. For instance say a planet is in 1st house or sign in Lahiri, the same planet will be in 4th house or sign in Raman. When taking the minute level Nadiamsa D150, it hits ground breaking level with the difference exceeding 700%. So, in essence a planet will be 7 signs from each other, for eg say if its in 3rd zodiac sign in Lahiri, it'll end up being straight opposite in 9th zodiac sign as per Raman Ayanamsa.

Thus, it is clearly visible that the playing field gets constricted with too many restrictions when involving Ayanamsa and it becomes an extremely dicey proposition. This issue cannot be bridged or resolved unless there is a uniform ayanamsa. If not, only the Rasi D1 chart would be looked at majorly and only a surface level image of D9/D10 will be used and the employment of more minute charts will end up being virtually obsolete. Those who don't however believe in Ayanamsa and are content with whatever they have been using, it is brought to light that these plaguing issues will always be inevitable and different ayanamsas will surely end up in yielding different predictions especially when more finite divisional charts are being implemented.